Human Rights Defender Style Guide

The Human Rights Defender presents articles in a clear, accurate and accessible style for a broad spectrum of readers. Though less formal in style than an academic journal, the Human Rights Defender articles must be well written and thoroughly researched.

1. Articles are between 1500 words (excluding endnotes) and 1800 words (including endnotes).

2. Please keep endnotes and references to a minimum as articles are directed to a non-academic audience.

3. The endnote system is to be used - not foot notes.


  • An endnote identifier should appear in the text with the full reference located at the end of the text.
  • Identifiers should be placed at the end of a sentence, and follow any punctuation marks. For example: o Lake points out that a division began in the latter half of the nineteenth century with the doctrine of ‘separate spheres’.1
  • At the end of the article, all necessary information to enable the reader to locate the source should be provided. For example: o 1 M Lake, ‘Intimate strangers’ in V Burgman and J Lee (eds), Making a Life: a People’s History of Australia Since 1788, V. Burgman and J. Lee (eds), Penguin, Victoria, 1988, p. 155.
  • When referencing a website link, there is no need to state 'accessed on  xx Jan' and there is no full stop at the end of this end note as it references a website link


4. Titles of publications should be italicised.

5. Use minimum capitalisation for publication titles

6. Use minimal capitalisation for journal or book article titles

7. Article titles should be enclosed between single quotation marks

8. Use commas to separate each item of the citation and end with a full stop.

9. Quotations are placed in single inverted commas. For example, ‘a terrorist attack in Australia could occur’. Quotations longer than two sentences are indented.

10. All headings are bold and lower case.

11. Please provide a short accompanying autobiographical note with specific reference to your connection with the Australian Human Rights Centre, the Human Rights Defender and/or the subject matter of your article. For example, ‘Jane Bell is a doctoral candidate in law at the Centre for Socio-Legal Studies at the University of Oxford’. If you do not provide one, please amend and approve the autobiographical note drafted for you by the Human Rights Defender.

12. Please submit full mailing details with your article, so that complimentary copies of the magazine may be posted to you after publication.

13. Articles may be emailed to, or posted to: Human Rights Defender, Australian Human Rights Centre, Faculty of Law University of New South Wales Sydney NSW 2052 

14. Please use Calibri font 10pt.